“The Multilateral Agreements for the Protection of the Mediterranean Marine Environment”, Dr. Tullio Scovazzi, Professor

1. The relationship between general environmental law, world treaty law (in particular the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea) and regional treaty law.

2. The regional environmental system:

– the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean;

– the Protocol for the Prevention and Elimination of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft or Incineration at Sea;

– the Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Preventing Pollution from Ships and, in Cases of Emergency, Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea;

– the Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities;

– the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean;

 – the Protocol Concerning Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf, the Seabed and its Subsoil;

– the Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal;

– the Protocol on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the Mediterranean;

– the Guidelines Guidelines on Liability and Compensation for Damage Reulting from Pollution of the Marine Environment in the Mediterranean Sea Area.

3. The protection of cetaceans:

– the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area;

– the Agreement for the creation in the Mediterranean of a sanctuary for the protection of marine mammals (Pelagos Sancturay).

4. The sustainable exploitation of living resources:

– the Agreement for the Establishment of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean.

5. Ways towards a better integration of sectoral approaches.